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Spanish Civil War begins Spanish Civil War begins
by The Ovi Team
2021-07-18 09:57:56
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July 18th 1936; Spanish Civil War begins, Gen Francisco Franco led uprising. On May 10, 1936, Manuel Azaña was elected President of the Republic after the removal of Alcalá-Zamora and in his memoirs, when it comes to the last two months he survived as President before the Civil War; he talks about the conflicts and the lack of unity between the leaders that parted the republican government. The very same Manuel Azaña as War Minister in early 30s and after the fall of the Spanish monarchy becomes the reason for the apolitical officer Francisco Franco to act. The turning point for Franco was Azaña’s decision to close the military academy. This decision led Franco into a long farewell speech that attacked the political system and the parties. After that followed a period where Franco was kept away and quiet and Spain was led to general elections with a centre-right government elected.

1934 the Asturias uprising and the adagonism between left and right started the events that would lead to the Civil War. Even though a local problem, it managed to spread all over the country and united different movements, most of all unions with different causes under the same target, the conservative government. The strongest union that joined was the miners union and Franco, who had become by then ancestor to the war minister, was put in command to handle the situation. After two weeks of heavy fighting, 2,000 dead and a promotion for General Franco, the rebellion was over, but Spain was turning to new era. As a result of the rebellion, the conservative government falls leading to another election, but this time there are only two sides, two collisions. The Popular Front was including left parties, centre-left, the communists and the republicans and from the other side Frente Nacional, including all the right and conservative parties, plus the centre radicals and the royal Carlists. 1936 the Popular Front wins the elections with very small difference and Franco is sent away to the Canary Islands. The dislike of the right parties keeps building and this time the army seems to take place preparing a coup that Franco is not informed of, but later joins. One day before the programmed day for the coup on 17th of July 1936, the African Army rebels demanding the return of the conservatives and Franco after publishing a political manifesto travels to Africa to join his army. A week after the rebellion, the nationalists forces controlled the one third of Spain but the republicans had managed to stop them and that was the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

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