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Libya Negotiations Blocked Libya Negotiations Blocked
by Rene Wadlow
2020-07-11 09:30:28
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liby001_400Despite diplomatic moves by Turkey, Russia, the U.S.A. Italy, and France, the political, military, and economic situation in Libya remains blocked. A 6 June 2020 call for a ceasefire and renewed negotiations issued by the President of Egypt, Abedel el-Sisi in the presence of General Khalifa Haftar, who had been leading a 14-month attack on the capital Tripoli, has had no direct impact. Hopes that negotiations on ending the armed conflict led by the United Nations or the European Union have not been met. The embargo of arms to different factions in Libya has not been effective. The military situation has changed somewhat with the retreat of the forces of General Haftar toward his stronghold in Cyrenica.

There is a real possibility that Libya will be divided into three zones based on geographic and tribal aspects but without the necessary cooperation and trans-frontier structures needed for a viable State. There could be a Tripolitaine zone in the west currently under the control of the Government of National Accord led by Prime Minister Faiez el-Sarraj, a Cyrenaica zone in the east currently under the control of General Khalifa Haftar, and the Fezzan in the south currently divided among a number of militias and tribal groups.

When the Government of National Accord was created in 2015, there were high aims of "respect for human rights, guarantees of civil liberties, separation of powers, an independent judiciary, and the establishment of national institutions that provide for broad and pluralistic participation, peaceful transfer of authority and the right of representation for every segment of society" The aims remain valid. Unfortunately the practice is different.

wc00The Association of World Citizens has long stressed that the creation of appropriate structures of government taking into consideration the geographic and tribal nature of Libya was of crucial importance. The Association has highlighted the possibilities of a federal or con-federal structure of government. An appropriate form of government has been at the heart of the challenges facing Libya since the end of the Second World War and the end of the Italian colonial structures.

The current fighting has led to some 200. 000 internally displaced persons, to a good number of civilians killed, and an economic breakdown. All observers agree that political negotiations are needed. However, none of the Libyan factions are willing to modify their positions and outside countries push their narrow national interests. There needs to be non-governmental cries of alarm and non-governmental efforts to create a negotiation framework.

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Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens


       
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