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The birth of quantum theory The birth of quantum theory
by The Ovi Team
2016-12-14 11:05:06
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quantum01_400December 14th 1900; German physicist Max Planck publishes his groundbreaking study of the effect of radiation on a "blackbody" substance, and the quantum theory of modern physics is born.

Through physical experiments, Planck demonstrated that energy, in certain situations, can exhibit characteristics of physical matter. According to theories of classical physics, energy is solely a continuous wave-like phenomenon, independent of the characteristics of physical matter. Planck's theory held that radiant energy is made up of particle-like components, known as "quantum." The theory helped to resolve previously unexplained natural phenomena such as the behavior of heat in solids and the nature of light absorption on an atomic level. In 1918, Planck was rewarded the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on blackbody radiation.

Other scientists, such as Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Louis de Broglie, Erwin Schrodinger, and Paul M. Dirac, advanced Planck's theory and made possible the development of quantum mechanics--a mathematical application of the quantum theory that maintains that energy is both matter and a wave, depending on certain variables. Quantum mechanics thus takes a probabilistic view of nature, sharply contrasting with classical mechanics, in which all precise properties of objects are, in principle, calculable. Today, the combination of quantum mechanics with Einstein's theory of relativity is the basis of modern physics.



    
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Emanuel Paparella2012-12-14 11:50:36
And then of course came The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1971) by Khun which showed that science does not have eternal immutable laws and that when the scientist will have arrived at the summit of scientific explanations for the mystery of the universe he will, surprise of surprises, discover that the theologian is already there...


Emanuel Paparella2013-12-14 13:05:12
Stay tuned: the 16th session of the Ovi symposium (due out on January 2-3, 2014 id dedicated to the nexus between science and philosophy.


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