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Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children
by The Ovi Team
2017-02-15 11:31:17
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hospital_400February 15th 1852; Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient. Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (GOSH) is a children's hospital located in London, United Kingdom. It is part of the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust and is located in the Bloomsbury area of Central London. It is closely associated with University College London (UCL) and in partnership with the UCL Institute of Child Health, which it is located adjacent to, it is the largest centre for research and postgraduate teaching in children’s health in Europe. It is part of both the Great Ormond Street Hospital/UCL Institute of Child Health Biomedical Research Centre and the UCL Partners academic health science centre.
 
It is known internationally for receiving the rights from J. M. Barrie to his play Peter Pan, or the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up in 1929, which have provided significant funding for the institution.

The hospital was founded on 14 February 1852 as the Hospital for Sick Children, making it the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in the English-speaking world. Despite opening with just 10 beds, it grew into the world's leading children's hospital through the patronage of Queen Victoria, counting Charles Dickens as one of its first fundraisers.

The hospital works with the UCL Institute of Child Health, and is the largest centre for research into childhood illness outside the United States and Canada, and a major international trainer of doctors and nurses. It has the widest range of children's specialists of any UK hospital, and is the largest centre for children's heart or brain surgery, or children with cancer, in the UK. Recent high profile breakthroughs include successful gene therapy for immune diseases, following a decade of research.

In October 2008, the hospital was rated by the Healthcare Commission as "good" for quality of care (a reduction from "excellent" in 2007) and "good" for use of resources (an improvement from "fair" in 2007).

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust is a member of the UCL Partners academic health science centre.

In 2002 Great Ormond Street Hospital commenced a redevelopment programme which is budgeted at £343 million and the next phase of which is scheduled to be complete by 2012. The redevelopment is needed to expand capacity, deliver treatment in a more comfortable and modern way, and to reduce unnecessary inpatient admissions.

Great Ormond Street Hospital launched its public consultation to become a foundation trust on 9 February 2010, and hopes to be a foundation Trust by early 201

In April 1929 the hospital was the recipient of playwright J. M. Barrie's copyright to the Peter Pan works, with the provision that the income from this source not be disclosed. This gave the institution control of the rights to these works, and entitled it to royalties from any performance or publication of the play and derivative works. Four theatrical feature films were produced,[5] innumerable performances of the play have been presented, and numerous editions of the novel were published under licence from the hospital. Its trustees commissioned a sequel novel, Peter Pan in Scarlet, which was published in 2006 and received mixed but generally positive reviews, with a film adaptation planned.
 
When the copyright originally expired at the end of 1987, 50 years after Barrie's death, the UK government granted the hospital a perpetual right to collect royalties for public performances, commercial publication, or other communications to the public of the work. The UK copyright was subsequently extended through 2007 by a European Union directive in 1996 standardising terms throughout the EU to the author's life plus 70 years. GOSH has been in legal disputes in the United States, where the copyright term is based on date of publication, putting the 1911 novel in the public domain, although the Hospital asserts that the 1928 version of the play is still under copyright in the U.S. Legal opinion as to whether or not permission is required for new works based on the story and characters is divided and open to interpretation and so far, there has been no legal precedent to prove one view or the other.

Great Ormond Street Hospital's museum and archive is open by appointment only. It covers the history and personalities connected with the hospital since its inception in 1852. It also houses editions of Peter Pan from all over the world, in many languages. The museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.
Admission records from 1852 to 1914 have been made available online on the Small and Special website.

The hospital has relied on charitable support since it first opened. One of the main sources for this support is Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity (GOSHCC). Whilst the NHS meets the day to day running costs of the hospital, the fundraising income allows Great Ormond Street Hospital to remain at the forefront of child healthcare. GOSHCC is now trying to raise over £170 million to complete the next phase of redevelopment, as well as provide substantially more fundraising directly for research. The charity also purchases up-to-date equipment, and provides accommodation for families and staff.
 
The charity's teardrop logo was designed for the Wishing Well Appeal in 1987 by the firm Collett Dickenson Pearce.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity is one of the four charities leading the national Jeans for Genes campaign where everyone across the UK wears their jeans and makes a donation to help children affected by genetic disorders. All Great Ormond Street Hospital Charity's proceeds go to its research partner, the UCL Institute of Child Health.

On 6 August 2009, Arsenal F.C. confirmed that Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity (GOSH CC) was to be their 'charity of the season' for the 2009-10 season. They set a fundraising target of £500,000, having raised £532,816 for Teenage Cancer Trust in the previous season.

Two charity singles have been released in aid of the hospital. In 1987, "The Wishing Well", recorded by an ensemble line-up including Boy George, Peter Cox and Dollar amongst others became a top 30 hit. In 2009, The X Factor finalists covered Michael Jackson's "You Are Not Alone" in aid of the charity, reaching No.1 in the UK Charts.
 
On 30 March 2010, Channel 4 staged Channel 4's Comedy Gala at the O2 Arena in London, in aid of the charity.


  
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Leah Sellers2013-02-16 06:04:55
Peter Pan and Hook's Crocodile are Smiling from the Mists of Neverland, and Our Better Angels are singing Sweet Lullabyes of Healing and Balm into the soft ears of Innocent Babes.


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