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Eureka: Friendly states, passive-aggressive states, aggressive states
by Jay Gutman
2018-08-09 08:39:29
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In international relations, relations are always between two states, as states rarely group up to have common security, environmental, political, economic and social relations with other states. Relations between two states can be friendly, passive-aggressive or aggressive. Let me briefly discuss the three possible relations.

Friendly relations with a state

When two states have friendly relations, they have the following features:

stat0001-Security cooperation. Both states communicate clearly on security issues, hide very little from each other. They send smart, competent people to deal with and exchange security issues. They take security relations seriously, do not have ambiguous positions on security issues, listen to each other and solve problems with each other cooperatively.

-Environmental cooperation: if they share borders, they discuss openly and honestly environmental cooperation. They lay down clear rules on environmental protection, and are open and honest about whether they are being harmed by the other state in environmental terms. They send smart, competent people to discuss the environment, and hide little from each other.

-Political cooperation: ambassadors are smart, competent and respectful of local customs, do their utmost to communicate clearly and efficiently. Government to government meetings are held cooperatively and win-win solutions are attempted at all costs. Cooperation is valued over competition, and clear rules are laid down for competition.

-Economic cooperation: Businesses are allowed to flow from one country to the other, and exceptions to that rule are clearly laid down and clear reasons are given for the exceptions. Businesses are not harassed, legal changes are rare and both countries try to provide favorable business climates to the best of their ability.

-Social cooperation: people are encouraged to flow both ways, be it students, tourists, visitors or families. Citizens who hold both citizenships are encouraged to play an active role with both countries, and citizens from both countries are protected. In case of accidents, clear frameworks are laid out to deal with the accident.

Passive-aggressive relations with a state

When two states have passive aggressive relations with each other, they have the following features

-Security cooperation: information is withheld, incompetent people are sent to negotiate, agreements are vague, negotiations are long and tedious, neither party really wants to give concessions. A form or schizogenesis takes place where both sides gradually distance themselves in terms of the positions they take. There is no risk of war, but if you're not careful enough, things could escalate into war.

-Environmental cooperation: one or the other party is denying being responsible for environmental problems. Denial is the norm, little information is exchanged, incompetent negotiators are sent to negotiations, little progress is made on cooperation.

-Political cooperation: politicians compete, delegations are made up of incompetent people, little information is exchanged, the information exchanged is faulty and embellished. Passive-agrgressive tactics are used, such as inviting, say, the Swiss delegation to meet a two-star hotel, and have the Lesotho delegation at a luxurious five-star hotel the next day.

-Economic cooperation: information is withheld, businesses are invited but business is made difficult or impossible for them. Harassment and pressure tactics are used on businesses, and cycles of bullying and revenge take place between businesses from the two countries.

-Social cooperation: no efforts are made to encourage visitors, tourists or students to come, people holding both nationalities have no formal rights, blatant racism is displayed at the citizens of so and so country. Visitors leave disappointed, feeling they are not welcome.

Agressive relations

Military relations: threats of violence between the two countries, sporadic attacks, terrorist attacks in some cases escalate into war. Third parties have to bring the two parties to negotiate a cease-fire, negotiations are long, exhausting, insults are exchanged, agreements and cease-fires are difficult to implement.

Environmental relations: eco-terrorism tactics are used, environmental damage escalates into violence and war.

Political relations: politicians scapegoat the entire members of one or the other country, politicians are openly hostile to the country, diplomats and politicians avoid each other at formal events.

Economic relations: Business between the two countries is illegal, and there are calls to foreign countries to boycott the country.

Social relations: citizens from one country are banned from visiting the other, and there are even threats to citizens of the country in third countries.


So, does your country tend to be friendly with foreign countries, passive-agressive with foreign countries, or aggressive with foreign countries?

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