Ovi -
we cover every issue
newsletterNewsletter
subscribeSubscribe
contactContact
searchSearch
Visit Ovi bookshop - Free eBooks  
Ovi Bookshop - Free Ebook
Tony Zuvela - Cartoons, Illustrations
Ovi Language
Ovi on Facebook
Stop violence against women
Tony Zuvela - Cartoons, Illustrations
Stop human trafficking
 
BBC News :   - 
iBite :   - 
GermanGreekEnglishSpanishFinnishFrenchItalianPortugueseSwedish
Eureka: More notes on free, tribal and militarized societies Eureka: More notes on free, tribal and militarized societies
by Akli Hadid
2018-07-11 08:07:55
Print - Comment - Send to a Friend - More from this Author
DeliciousRedditFacebookDigg! StumbleUpon

Short simple notes, in no particular order, on free societies, tribal societies and militarized societies. As I said before, free societies are societies where freedom is emphasized, where the individual triumphs and where the pursuit of happiness is the norm. Tribal societies are societies where clan membership is important, honoring the clan is a life mission and transcends happiness. Militarized societies are societies where hierarchy is the norm, deference to the hierarchy is important and those in the lower ranks make few or no choices in life. 

The political system

-In free societies: local politics are important and play an important role. That is town mayors tend to be accessible, and voter turnout at local elections are acceptable. Political parties are present nationwide, and have chapters in each region and sub-chapters in each major district and town chapters, and have party leaders elected nationally, with a party leader, a leader in charge of national politics, another in charge of regional politics and so on. Local populations tend to know the rights and duties of politicians, and locals people are encouraged to voice their concerns to local politicians.

societ003_400-In tribal societies: political parties tend not to have local and regional chapters, and local politics tend to be symbolic or virtually non-existant. Local politics do exist, but tend to be bureaucratic machines where people go get their paperwork done. Local populations are not encouraged to voice their concerns to local politicians. National politicians tend to be father figures, the president or king as the father, and ministers, generals and the business oligarachy as the children of the king who have to behave well. The king only interferes in the affairs of ministers, generals and the business oligarchy, mainly solving pressing issues they might have, usually financial issues, just like a father would.

-In militarized societies: the government is like the army headquarters and local politics are the local political barracks of political parties. Just like in the army, elected officials need to make sure their barracks are efficient at providing the bureaucratic paperwork and make sure that the geographic area's economy is growing. Poor economic perfomance  or inability to deliver paperwork will lead to local politicians being publicly dismissed. The political machine is like an army, and each official has duties, mainly making sure the GDP grows and people have their paperwork on time. Little or no communication takes place and there is no political philosophy to discuss. The higher the rank, the more people you are authorized to give orders to. Subordinates who talk back are fired. Subordinates are expected to be seated at their desk, deliver the paperwork and shut up. Being late, absent, insolent or taking vacations is inherent to insubordination, unauthorized leave and desertion and can lead to being demoted, fired or legally punished. Public servants are like army officials, they have ranks and lifetime jobs, decent pay and retirement packages, but are expected to be loyal, efficient and to behave well. Uniforms must be worn at all times and supervisers must be saluted at all times. Forgetting to salute a superviser can get you demoted or fired. 

The legal system

-In free societies: people have clearly defined rights and know their rights. When their rights have been violated, they take the issue to court. Those who violate the law have rights as well, including the right to a fair trial.

-In tribal societies: people don't have clearly defined rights and harmony is expected at all times. Conflicts tend to be solved amicably, and having friends in the army, politics or business can help solve conflicts quickly and will give you an advantage when disputes arise. The legal system only solves those cases which have not been solved amicably, judges and lawyers tend to be very incompetent, and laws exist in name only, no one has read them, knows what they mean or wants to apply them.

-In militarized societies. People of higher rank in the hierarchy are almost always right. You don't take a higher-ranked person to court. Disputes among people of similar rank tend to be solved amicably, while people of higher rank tend to decide what punishment to give to lower-ranked officials. Judges and lawyers are only called upon by brave people who decide to take issues to court, trials tend to be very quick and tend to side with higher ranked people. For murder and drug trafficking the law tends to be black or white, and in some cases mandatory sentences must be served for drug trafficking or murder.

The economy

In free societies: there are clear procedures to start a business, business people have rights and obligations and so do consumers. Technically anyone can start a business or choose the profession that they please, recessions and unemployment tend to be cyclical, mainly caused by too much debt. Everyone tends to have rights to a loan, and loans are relatively easy to get.

In tribal societies: there are no clear procedures to start a business, business people don't have clear rights nor do consumers. A typical example is butchers who sell bones pretending it's meat, and nothing can clearly be done about that. You need friends or family in the army, business or politics to get help starting a business, consumers tend not to have a wide range of selection of products, and there tends to be a lot of foreign business in the form of debt settlement. Unemployment and recessions are structural, mainly because the government won't authorize business activity or loans, and because the government borrows money from foreign governments that it never pays back.

In militarized societies: it's the duty of every district to make sure that economic growth is happening and economic growth is a matter of pride. Richer districts are ranked higher than poor districts, and militarized societies believe they will rank higher in world affairs if they have a higher GDP. The economy is about numbers and little else, CEOs want to read financial reports and little else. That's why a lot of financial reports and GDP statistics tend to be a bit romanticized. Poverty, unemployment and recessions exist but tend to be swept under the carpet, because those unemployed tend to have no rank in this heavily militarized society, thus no status to speak of.

Housing and transport

Free societies: where there's a demand for housing and transportation, private companies will provide the supply. Individuals choose the kind of housing they want, and ask public officials and private companies to establish transportation lines in the area.

Tribal societies: The government builds millions of housing units and distributes housing randomly among the population. Transportation is also random and obeys no clear maps or demand from consumers. Some get from house to work in one stop, while others have to swich busses countless times. Taxis tend not to be regulated, and charge the price they are willing to charge. Traffic jams are common and inevitable, as there is no alternative public transportation. The real estate market has high demand and low supply, meaning it tends to be incredibly expensive, and you need to have a buddy willing to sell his apartment to get a good deal.

Militarized societies: people only live in the housing units which match their rank. Districts are divided by rank, and prices are artificially inflated in districts where people of higher rank tend to live, even if apartments or houses are not better, more luxurious or have more access to public transportation. Public transportation is a must to be a high-ranked nation, there will thus tend to be an over-supply of public transportation, and every area with higher ranking officials living in it will tend to be covered. Areas with lower-ranked populations living in them will not have access to public transportation.

Education

In free societies: parents choose what school system want for their children and the school system makes sure that the child is a good match for the school system. In high school students tend to specialize and will specialize in areas they think will be useful for their career. They further specialize in university, and eventually get a job. Those with academic talent tend to stay in the school system, geniuses have their own schools, while those not very inclined to academia tend to stay out of the system, and there is no shame in that.

In tribal societies: education makes the pride of the family and children are pushed to go to school so they can become doctors. Doctors are the pride of the family and the only profession other than politician, businessman or army official that is highly respected, but doctors are more highly respected because they actually studied to become doctors. Parents beg teachers to inflate grades, invest heavily in private tutoring when they can, and education is a matter of pride in the family. Those who fail shame the family and the clan, those who succeed are celebrated.

In militarized societies: schools and universities are ranked, and students are ranked among themselves. Students who graduate from higher-ranked high schools, universities and who graduate at the top of their class demand respect and deference and will work for high-ranking companies at higher-ranking jobs. School is about rank and grades exclusively, it's not what you know, it's what grades you get. School emphasizes memorization, loyalty, discipline and good behavior. Talking back to your teacher, being absent from class, taking a leave without authorization or presenting at conferences without authorization will get you banned. You must wear your uniform at all times, and it doesn't matter if you read three books a day. The Einsteins of the system are left outside of the system, and militarized societies have a saying that “genius dies young.”

Philosophy of employment and unemployment

Free societies: you prepare for a very specific career, learn everything there is to learn about the job and career, network your way to a job, keep the job and watch your career progress. Pay and tasks are what define your career, you want to be good at those tasks, while your pay keeps going up. Unemployment is cyclical, either because you are trying to network your way to a job, or because you just lost your job and will soon network your way up to another job. 

Tribal societies: there's no shame in being unemployed. In fact, someone has to be unemployed so they can help parents with shopping and paperwork. A lot of people stay unemployed until their parents can no longer care for them, need money, or pass away. People who get jobs tend to do so because they need the pay. Lose your job and you will spend months, perhaps years, unemployed. Your network is your only way to a job, applying for jobs tends to be vain. Transportation and low pay tends to keep a lot of people outside the workforce.

Militarized societies: Job means rank and social status. The higher ranked the company, the higher your rank and status in society. Your job title is a rank and says nothing about the tasks your perform. Being unemployed means having no rank, thus no status in society. Those unemployed can marry and live in society if their parents have high ranks, otherwise can not marry, or can only marry people with equal rank, meaning no rank.

The workplace

Free societies: You show up to work, chat about politics and sports results and getting your tasks done, get your tasks done, and leave. When you've been at the company long enough, you ask for a raise. While you may have a job, you keep other jobs in mind and network your way to other jobs. You don't want to be stuck with one employer. What if things go bad with that employer. You also want to diversify your skills and tasks to make yourself more attractive in the business world.

Tribal societies: You show up to work, smoke a cigarette and drink coffee or tea, and if you're lucky, you get to smoke cigarettes and drink tea all day. If you're lucky the business will be organized, but a lot of times you won't have a laptop or a desktop, or perhaps you'll have a desktop but it won't work, you'll never really see your boss, and you're not sure what tasks it is that you're supposed to be doing.

Militarized societies: You are a rank. You do what your supervisor tells you to do, you obey every instruction, and never talk back. You wear that uniform, behave well at all times, don't be absent and don't be late. You leave when your supervisor tells you to leave, and have no job description, only a rank. You do whatever your supervisor tells you to do, and like in the military, if he asks you to clean the toilets, you have to clean the toilet, doesn't matter if you have a Ph.D. in particle physics.

Men and women

Free societies: Men choose who they want to be and women choose who they want to be. Doesn't matter if they want to be a nurse, a firefighter, a policeman, a politician, gay, straight, sexually active, a virgin, clean, messy, they are who they want to be as long as they don't bother anyone else. They marry who they want to marry, buy the house they want to buy or rent, live in the town or country they want to live in.

Tribal societies: Men are expected to try to become rich if they can, and women are expected to marry a rich guy if they can. Men are also expected to provide for the family and provide to improving the clan's image. Women are expected to be good wives and good mothers, and to give the clan a good image.

Militarized societies: Men only go out with men of equal rank and women only go out with women of equal rank. Men only date women from families of equal rank and women only date men from families of equal rank. Children are expected to be high-ranked, and families from low ranks will tend to avoid having children, men and women from low ranks will tend to avoid getting married. Marriage is the union of ranks. 

At home

Free societies: Try to keep the house clean at all times, except when the person lives alone. Chores are divided between house members, house members don't take each other's belongings without authorization. House members are free to do as they please, as long as they have no work or study-related obligations. Conversations are long and frequent, debates can be passionate, but house members tend to have a lot of affection for each other.

Tribal societies; Women clean the house while men watch television. Women are also expected to cook, and spend hours in the kitchen watching food-related programs on television. Affection and politeness tends not to be the norm, and there tends to be a cold atmosphere in the house. Conversation is gender-segregated, men talk to men and women talk to women.

Militarized societies: Family members only meet during special occasions, and being home either means you have no rank or are not fulfilling your military duties. If you're high-ranked, you just don't stay home. If you're low-ranked or have no rank, you lock yourself at home. People with no rank can also pretend to have a rank by constantly being outside the home. Conversation rarely takes place, and when it does, it tends to deal with order and discipline. Again talking back is not allowed, and you need authorization to leave the house at all times. The higher-ranked house members will give the lower-ranked ones orders.

Friendship

In free societies: friendship is considered a good thing and the more friends you have, the better. Friends is mainly about sharing conversation, and friends are treated as equals. Narcissism or inflated egos tend to be negatively perceived, and conversation is expected to be a two-way street.

In tribal societies: friends are considered a burden and treated with suspiscion. Inflated egos are common and one friend tends to monopolize the conversation. Conversation is not a two-way street, and if you're not careful enough, you could end up receiving orders from friends. Gossip and backstabbing is common, and most friends barely tolerate each other. Most friends tend to be family members or former classmates.

In militarized societies: friends tend to be people of equal rank and will tend to share everything. They will share the house, the car, in some cases the wife or husband. Conversation mostly deals with rank or achieving high-rank, or working towards being promoted to even higher rank. When will you be promoted? How will you be promoted? What about the promotion after that promotion?

Love and marriage

Free societies: You date several people, or in some cases just one person, and settle for the person you are in love with and who loves you back just as much. Love is blind, and relationships grow, so you might realize the person you loved was not the person you thought he or she was, and end up seperating.

Tribal societies: Your parents or friends or family members choose a partner for you. You try to see if he or she is a good match, and get married. Pre-marital sex is not the norm, and in some cases you might end up marrying a person you barely know and are not in love with.

Militarized societies: matchmakers choose someone of equal rank for you. There are cases where you might fall in love with someone of lower rank, but you could get demoted, or get your entire family demoted for that. In some rare cases you can get promoted to higher ranks via marriage.

Parenting

Free societies: you children are the loves of your life. You make sure they fulfill their study obligations, but other than that treat them with lots of love and affection. You don't care what they do or don't do, as long as they're happy and healthy.

Tribal societies: You want your children to reflect the clan well. You don't want them to spoil the reputation of the clan. You want them to get a good job and marry the right person, and reflect positively on the clan.

Militarized societies: You want your children to achieve high rank and to behave in ways that reflect your rank. Your children are small officers. They dress up. They don't talk back. They are not absent without a leave or permission. They fulfill all their military obligations.

Retirement and old age

Free societies: Retirement is boring and too bad it's an obligation. You would have worked all your life if you could. Retirement is the opportunity to spend more time with your children and grand children and shower them with love if you can.

Tribal societies: You get a lot of respect for having worked all your life and reaching retirement. People come to you for advice, come visit, and you are the star of the show. You expect your children and grand children to take care of you if you are sick, and to respect you.

Militarized societies: You have fulfilled your duties and have reached a dignified age. You get all the respect, but tend to live alone and in isolation. Your children are too busy on duty, your rank mates don't want to be bothered with visits. You either drink alcohol to your death, invest in real estate, pick up a hobby, or watch television all day. You don't talk much, people don't come to you because you can still technically give them orders.

News and the media

Free societies: News is a little bit of everything, a little bit about every country. You get a little bit of politics, a little bit of sports, a little bit of global news. News is actually relevant, you can vote in the election, you can go in town to watch the sports game, in some cases you witness an event that ends up in the news.

Tribal societies: Local news is a joke. It's lots of pictures of leaders shaking hands of foreign leaders, and the local sports team lost again. You watch a lot of foreign news, not very relevant but is helpful for conversations.

Militarized society: disloyal members of the military society are shamed in the media. If you talk back, or commit some form of crime or misdemeanor, or get demoted, you're in the news. The news is 100% local, you don't want to bother with any event that happens in a foreign country, in some cases even if it's the magnitude of 9/11. During the olympic games and world cup you try to only show events from your national team, and if it's Usain Bolt or the world cup final you might not show it live.

Entertainment, going out and having fun

Free societies: Conversation is an important part of going out. You can go out for a cup of coffee and a chat, or for a drink and a chat. If you go to a nightclub, you want to chat between dances. Or you want to choose sports like bowling, golf, billiards or skating where you can chat while playing the game. You can also play sports or go shopping, or take a stroll in the street and chat. Or you can travel, for a weekend or for a couple of weeks, or go backpacking for six months, or go to the local sports game.

Tribal societies: You have little choice other than the coffee shop. The coffee shop is not ventilated and there's no music playing, so you have to watch your mouth. Shopping means grocery shopping, or you can go to the local sports game, but fans tend to be male and aggressive. Other than that you can watch television, lots of television, or surf online.

Militarized societies: entertainment will tend to be company dinners where you will be seated by rank and will only talk if you have the kind of rank that allows you to talk. Even when going out, you do what people tell you to do.

Sports

Free societies: You want to be in shape, so you might go to the health club or for a jog. You also like competion and might join a bowling league, a golf league or a soccer league. The league actually plays every week, and points are counted, and if you win you get trophies.

Tribal societies: it's hard to find a place where you can exercise, and if you do people stare at you and it's not good for the clan. Sports leagues are under the table, points are not counted and you don't get trophies, you just play for fun.

Militarized societies: most companies have health clubs and gyms, and being fit and in good shape will help you get promoted faster. The younger ones will play a lot of sports, including martial arts, but the older ones just don't have time for sports.

Tourism

Free societies: you tend to have a checklist of countries or places you want to visit. Every year or every other year you'll want to go out and visit some place. You tend to be slow and observe things, and conversation plays an important role in your trips.

Tribal societies: You take your family to the beach or the moutain, take lots of pictures, and try to visit everything there is to visit. You want to go back with as many signs as you can, so you want lots of pictures, a good tan, and lots of memorabilia.

Militarized societies: You go on a trip, wake up at 5 AM, and follow a careful path of places to visit. You carefully time your trip, and it's the Champs Elysées at 1100, coffee break at 1130, taking pictures at 1140, the Eiffel Tower at 1230 and the Louvre at 1400. Every step you take is counted toward time, and you avoid conversation at all costs. And of course you dress up.

Medical philosophy, health, psychological health and psychiatric health

Free societies: You visit doctors, psychologists, or even psychiatrists to make sure there's no problem. You get checks about once a year, or once every two years, and ask lots of questions to make sure everything's alright. In many cases you check with two doctors to make sure. If there's a problem you follow doctor's orders carefully, but you don't want to be one of those guys who's addicted to doctors or to medication.

Tribal societies: you avoid doctors at all costs, seeing a doctor means you have a disease. You pray to stay healthy, and only go to the doctor if you break a bone. Health problems reflect poorly on your clan. Mental health problems mean you're crazy and will make you an outcast. In some cases your family will drive you insane and you'll end up at the mental hospital. In some cases you'll have an argument with your wife and she'll send you to the mental hospital just to shame you and your family.

Militarized societies; Your employer will force you to get your health checked every year, and if there's a health problem you lose your job and your rank, or perhaps get demoted. You don't go to the mental hospital even if you have trouble sleeping or have problems with depression, you would rather commit suicide. Psychologists and counseling just isn't something you would do.

Intellect, literature and reading

Free societies: you read the newspapers, and there's a list of books you try to catch up with. Or maybe you don't read at all, but you admire those who read. You feel bad when people read all those books and try hard to squeeze in time to read a few books.

Tribal societies: you get all your intellect from the newspapers and documentaries. You've probably never read a book, or maybe you have read one or two books in your lifetime. Even researchers tend to read very little. But you know a lot of book titles and tend to mention them during conversations to look smart. 

Militarized societies: you only read stuff that will help you gain more ranks. If you can gain ranks by being a bookworm, you will be a bookworm. If your job does not require reading, you won't read. High schools and universities tend not to assign books, or if they do, no one checks if you've read them.

Crime and terrorism

Free societies: if you are the victim of a crime, you report it to the police. You also try to share information about where the crime tends to be located. Terrorism is a national tragedy that you would fight and die to protect against. Nothing justifies terrorism.

Tribal societies: if you are the victim of a crime, you will be shamed, you should have been more careful. Terrorists are either cowards or resistants, and you either despise them or admire them, but you wouldn't fight against them, they are too powerful.

Militarized societies: Criminals are the lowest-ranking individuals. No one would steal your stuff, but there are lots of scams and swindlers. When dealing with terrorists, you have no rules. Your revenge will be so strong, they will never want to commit a terrorist attack again. You will blame, shame, torture and publicly execute terrorists.

Wars and conflicts

Free societies: avoid wars at all costs through conversation and diplomacy, and minimize damage in case of war.

Tribal societies: war is a good thing, all men become free through war. Tend to admire wars.

Militarized societies: apply psychological pressure to avoid wars. Maximize psychological warfare, fighting should be a last resort.

Foreigners, immigrants and illegal immigrants

Free societies: as long as you're in the country legally, there is no difference between a foreign citizen and a local. You can do any job you want, work anywhere you want and do whatever you please. You have the same rights and obligations. If you are here illegally, I'm sorry but you should follow the law. I really like you, but I think you should go back to your country and come back legally.

Tribal societies; immigrants are from a different clan. If they're from a rich country, they have money. If they're from a poor country, they shouldn't be here, they're stealing our jobs. Illegal immigrants should be deported immediately, rounded up and put in planes back to their country.

Militarized societies: immigrants have no ranks. The only real immigrants are the English teachers, mostly from the United States, and factory workers who have absolutely no rank and should leave the country immediately after they finish their stationed duty. All immigrants should have a sponsor, and like in the army, the sponsor decides what tasks they will perform and they should be deferential to their master. As for illegal immigrants, they have no rank, and if possible, should be invited or pushed to leave the country, and if be needed, will either be driven out of the country or driven to insanity. 

Corruption, graft, embezzlment, extortion, influence peddling

Free socieities: corruption is theft and it's bad. Corrupt people should be prosecuted, and corruption can never be justified.

Tribal societies: there's nothing wrong with bribing an official. In some cases it's the only way to get what you need. Bribes are in a way gifts and should be viewed as such.

Militarized societies: anything that can get your higher ranks. If you can get promoted by bribing or through extortion, so be it. If you're told to bribe, obey the orders.

Religion and spirituality

Free societies: Religion is a personal choice, and I follow whatever religion I please to whatever degree I want to follow religion. If I want to be religious I'll be religious, if I want to be secular I'll be secular. I can follow the family religion, I can follow other religions. But I respect all religions and all backgrounds.

Tribal societies: I'll follow my clan's religion and will practice religion the way my clan tells me to do so. Other people follow their clan's religion, and their religion represents their clan. If they do something wrong, it's like their entire clan does somoething wrong. Some clans behave better than others. If a clan has a lot of criminals in it, it means their religion is bad and encourages crime. 

Militarized societies: religion is also militarized. You follow your parent's religion, there is no real national religion. The Church tends to be militarized, and the pastor will give you orders, and you will follow orders. Church members also have ranks, based on how much money they give and how many new members they bring in. Churches are also ranked, and if you're high-ranking you want to go to a high-ranking Church. Celebrities get paid to attend Church, and will be Evengelical Christians one day and Buddhist the next.

High profile politicians and public intellectuals

In free societies: tend to be well-read intellectuals who can debate issues at length and will know every side of the issue. Tend to have broad areas of interest and master the art of rhetoric.

In tribal societies: tend to take lots of pictures and avoid debating in public, losing a debate caa affect the entire clan. Debates tend to be sterile, polite, but contain very little information or substance. In some cases politicians can scold journalists, intellectuals or fellow politicians like a father scolds a child.

In militarized societies: tend to shame those accused of insubordination and those who are accused of not being loyal soldiers. Public intellectuals rarely attack politicians or other intellectuals of higher rank. Intellectuals are also ranked, and their work or poetry has nothing to do with their rank, it's mostly publishers and book sales.

Living overseas and nationalism

In free societies: living overseas is an experience where you try to observe the local society, maybe act in ways that mirror them, maybe try to pick up the local language and a few customs, maybe try to eat local food. Your nationality is a fact of life, nothing to be proud of ashamed of.

In tribal societies; living overseas is an obligation either because of your job or because you need to find work. You will only learn the language if you have to, but will not try to act in ways that mirror the locals. You will eat home food, hang out with people from your clan and represent your country. You will keep your traditions and religious customs.

In militarized societies: you only go overseas if you are the member of an organization where you have some kind of rank. You will either get a job for an organization from your country, or attend a church that represents your country. You will only learn the local language if you have to, but will not mirror local customs and traditions, nor will you eat local food. You will avoid locals at all costs, and will try to be friends with people from your country.

When the foreign media talks about them

In free societies: as Golda Meir said, better bad press than a good eulogy. You don't attack the foreign press for writing an article criticizing your people or your country.

In tribal societies: if the foreign press criticizes your tribe, you sue them for libel and try to gain compensation. You also start a campaign villifying the news corps that wrote an article criticizing your tribe.

In militarized societies: if the foreign press criticizes your country, you harass the newspaper until it withdraws its comments and apologizes. You also take reprisals, such as banning journalists from entering your country, and publicly humiliating foreign journalists.

How their media talks about foreign countries

In free societies: it's mostly travel shows and political news. Maybe documentaries about foreign countries, or news that really sticks out.

In tribal societies: foreign news will only be reported if the entire planet is talking about the fact. Articles will be borrowed from news agencies to ensure neutrality. In debate shows about foreign countries, foreigners tend to be invited to debate, locals must stay neutral.

In militarized societies: travel shows where locals visit foreign countries with all the clichés and streotypes. No political news, however grave the situation. Perhaps a news report borrowed from a news agency. If a foreigner mentions your country, you might put that in the press. If a foreign celebrity says something good about your country, he will be all over the press, even when it's just a tattoo in which he uses your language.

How each group teaches academic subjects outside its culture

In free societies: world history and anthropology tend to be taught. That is you will have classes on Islamic civilizations, Jewish civilizations, Indian and Chinese civilizations, Mesoamerican civilizations and so on. Foreign langauge courses are offered, usually a European langauge, sometimes a colorful langauge like Chinese or Japanese or Arabic. But all is taught at the very basic level.

In tribal societies: ancient world history is taught, but modern world history tends to be shunned and focus on colonialism. Foreign languages are mainly French and English, and little else.

Militarized societies: English language is the main focus. Little is taught about global culture or world history.

How each groups explain its culture to others

In free societies: a few buzzwords like freedom and happiness tend to be used. Some food can be discussed, while sports will be discussed, along with leisure. Anything that makes people happy.

In tribal societies: the emphasis will be placed on rules and not freedom. You should never do this, you should always do this.

In militarized societies: There's no point in explaining the local culture. Foreigners don't fit into the ranking system, and local culture tends to be kept secret. Maybe a few recipes will be shared, along with a few clichés. Ancient history also tends to be widely discussed, along with some etiquette rules. Don't expect them to teach you their language.


     
Print - Comment - Send to a Friend - More from this Author

Comments(0)
Get it off your chest
Name:
Comment:
 (comments policy)

© Copyright CHAMELEON PROJECT Tmi 2005-2008  -  Sitemap  -  Add to favourites  -  Link to Ovi
Privacy Policy  -  Contact  -  RSS Feeds  -  Search  -  Submissions  -  Subscribe  -  About Ovi